Why Is My Bread Crust So Thick & Hard? 5 Tips For Next Time

Last Updated on May 13, 2022

​You’ve baked bread before, but have you ever wondered why some loaves turn out thick and chewy, while others are thin and crispy? If you want to get better at baking bread, then these five tips will help you achieve perfect crust every time.

Bread is one of the easiest foods to bake, but it can also be tricky to master. The key to achieving a perfectly crisp crust is knowing how much water to add to dough. Too little water makes the bread tough and dry, while too much can result in soggy crust.

Here are five ways to ensure you get the perfect crust every time. Use them to create delicious bread recipes or even try them out on other types of food.

Causes Of A Thick And Hard Crust

1. Overmixing Dough

When mixing dough, make sure not to overwork it. This causes gluten strands to form which results in a tougher crust. Instead, mix only until the ingredients come together.

Why Is My Bread Crust So Thick & Hard? 5 Tips For Next Time – Food To  Impress

2. Using Too Much Water

If your dough feels wet when you’re kneading it, this means that there’s too much moisture in the dough. To fix this, use less flour and more water.

3. Not Adding Enough Salt

The salt helps draw moisture from inside the dough so that it leaves the surface. When making pizza dough, for example, adding 1/4 teaspoon of salt per cup of flour is enough.

4. Making Too Big Loafs

The size of your loaf matters. Larger loaves tend to bake faster than smaller ones because they hold more heat. They also cook through quicker. Smaller loaves take longer to bake, but they’ll stay soft and moist once cooked.

Why Is My Bread Crust So Thick & Hard?

Bread is a staple food in every household. It’s delicious, versatile, and nutritious. However, bread can also be a pain in the butt if you’re not careful.

If you’ve ever had a thick, hard crust on your bread, you know exactly what I’m talking about. The bread has been sitting out too long and the yeast has done its job.

But there’s a simple trick you can use to get rid of that crust and make your bread soft and fluffy. Let’s quickly look at 5 tricks that you can try.

Enrich Your Dough

When you first start working with bread flour, you should always enrich your dough by adding 1/2 cup water to every 2 cups of flour. This helps prevent dry crumbly loaves.

It’s best to do this when you mix up the dough rather than later. When you put the dough in the refrigerator overnight, then gluten starts forming and makes the dough tough. Adding more liquid prevents this from happening.

Stay Away From Dark Metal Cooking Tins

Metal tins have a tendency to cause uneven browning during cooking. They also tend to stick to the bottom of the oven which causes them to burn. Instead, choose glass or ceramic pans. These materials don’t conduct heat as well as metal does.

You can use aluminum foil to cover the pan while it bakes. Just remember to remove it once the bread comes out of the oven.

Use A Pullman Tin

A Pullman tin is similar to a springform cake pan. It allows air to circulate around the top of the bread without having to open the lid. This keeps the bread moist and fresh-tasting.

This type of tin works great for sandwich rolls, bagels, and any kind of flatbreads like pita pockets. A Pullman tin is available online or at kitchen supply stores.

Brush It With Butter After Baking

After you take your loaf out of the oven, brush it with melted butter. This gives the bread a nice golden color and creates a crispier surface.

The reason we recommend brushing the bread after baking is because the moisture evaporates faster than the fat content. By applying the butter right away, you keep all those good flavors inside. Furthermore, the butter adds flavor and texture to the bread.

Store It In A Plastic Bag

To avoid drying out your bread, wrap it tightly in plastic wrap and place it back into the fridge. You want to leave enough room between the bread and the sides of the container so that steam doesn’t build up.

Once again, you shouldn’t refrigerate the bread until just prior to serving. Doing so encourages bacteria growth.

These are some easy ways to improve your bread recipe. Don’t forget to share these tips with others!

Causes Of A Thick And Hard Crust

Bread crusts are an essential part of our daily lives. They are used for sandwiches, toast, bagels, pizza, etc. However, sometimes bread crusts get thick and hard. It becomes difficult to cut them into slices.

There are several reasons why bread crusts become thick and hard. Some of these reasons are due to improper mixing of ingredients. Others are due to a lack of proper kneading. Still, others are due to the use of too much yeast.

In this article, I will discuss the causes of a thick and hard bread crust.


Overbaking is one of the reasons why you have a thick bread crust The main problem here is overmixing. If you add too many eggs, milk, oil, sugar, salt, spices, herbs, nuts, fruits, vegetables, etc., they end up getting mixed together.

As a result, there isn’t enough time left for the starches to gelatinize properly. As soon as the starch molecules begin to gel, they form strong bonds. Once this happens, the proteins cannot bond anymore. Therefore, the gluten network gets stronger and thicker.

If you bake your dough longer than necessary, then the protein strands start bonding before the starch has had sufficient time to do its job. When this occurs, the bread turns tough and chewy instead of soft and tender.

Using A Temperature That’s Too Hot

Another cause of a thick bread crust is using a temperature that’s too hot when making your dough. Using high temperatures can make the flour absorb more water. As a result, the dough ends up being very wet.

When the dough starts rising, the heat makes the gas bubbles expand quickly. Because of this rapid expansion, the dough rises even further. Eventually, the dough forms large blisters on the surface. These blistered areas contain less gluten.

Therefore, the rest of the dough remains dense and heavy. To prevent this from happening, reduce the amount of liquid added to the dough. Also, lower the oven temperature by 10 degrees or so. This way, the dough won’t rise as fast.

Your Dough Was Lacking Moisture

A third possible cause of a thick bread crumb is not adding enough moisture during the initial stages of the process. Adding too little water means that the dough lacks air pockets.

10 Reasons Your Homemade Bread Is Too Crumbly

This results in a denser loaf. Moreover, if the dough contains no air pockets, then the gluten strands don’t have any space to stretch. Consequently, the dough stays compacted throughout the entire cooking period.

Do you ever find yourself making bread but then having trouble shaping it into a loaf?
Or maybe you end up with a crust that’s too thick and hard to slice?
If you answered yes to either of these questions, then you might want to try out these five tips for next time!
When baking bread, there are two main things that affect its texture – temperature and hydration.
Temperature refers to the oven temperature while hydration refers to how much water is present in the dough.
These tips will help you get the perfect crust every time

Causes Of A Thick And Hard Crust

Bread crusts are usually thick because of the way bread dough is handled during baking. During the kneading process, the gluten strands in the flour get stretched and tangled together. This results in a very elastic dough that is difficult to roll out. It is also important to note that the longer the dough rests after being mixed, the thicker the crust will become. After resting, the dough needs to be rolled out into a flat sheet. Then it needs to be folded back onto itself several times. This folding process creates air pockets within the dough. As the loaf bakes, these air pockets expand and push against each other. This forces the dough outward, creating a thick crust.


Overbaking happens when bread is baked for too long. This causes the bread to dry out and lose moisture. In addition to drying out, overbaked bread becomes hard and chewy. To avoid overbaking, check the bread’s color every 5 minutes while it is baking. If the top turns golden brown quickly, remove the bread from the oven immediately. If the top takes longer to turn golden, leave the bread in the oven for another 5 minutes.

Using A Temperature That’s Too Hot

If you bake something in a hot oven, you run the risk of burning it. It doesn’t matter if it’s a cake, cookie, or even bread; if it gets too hot, it could burn. So, how do you know what temperature is too hot? Well, the easiest way is to use an oven thermometer. An oven thermometer measures the actual temperature of the air inside the oven. If the temperature is too hot, the air inside the oven will feel hotter than normal. If the temperature is not too hot, the air will feel cooler than normal.

Your Dough Was Lacking Moisture

Moisture is essential to dough. Without moisture, your dough won’t rise properly. This is because the yeast needs moisture to feed on. As long as the dough is moist enough, the yeast will multiply and give off carbon dioxide gas. This gas helps the dough rise. You Didn’t Let Your Bread Rise Long Enough

How To Make Your Crust Softer

If you didn’t let your bread rise long enough, your crust will be hard and tough. In order to get softer crusts, you need to let your bread rise longer. It’s important to note that if you’re baking bread in a convection oven, you’ll need to bake it longer than normal. For instance, if you normally bake bread for 20 minutes, you’d bake it for 25 minutes in a convection oven.

Enrich Your Dough

To enrich dough, you need to add extra ingredients such as eggs, milk, butter, sugar, salt, yeast, flour, or other dry goods. This will give your bread a better texture and taste.

Stay Away From Dark Metal Cooking Tins

Dark metal tins are not recommended for baking because they tend to react with the oven’s heating elements. This could result in overheating and damage to the oven. You should always check the manufacturer’s instructions before using dark metal tins.

Use A Pullman Tin

A pullman tin is a great choice if you’re looking for a sturdy, easy to clean, nonstick surface. It comes in different sizes and shapes, but they all feature a removable bottom tray that allows you to easily remove any baked goods from the pan.

Brush It With Butter After Baking

Brushing butter onto a hot baking sheet after baking helps prevent sticking and keeps the crust crispy. This is especially important for cookies and other delicate items. Use Nonstick Spray To Prevent Sticking

Store It In A Plastic Bag

To avoid burning yourself while brushing butter onto a hot baking pan, use nonstick spray instead of butter. Also, store the baking sheet in a plastic bag to help keep the butter from drying out.

How do you keep bread crust from getting hard?

If you bake bread, you know how quickly it goes stale. It’s because bread loses moisture during baking. Moisture is essential to keeping bread soft and moist. Stale bread gets dry because it doesn’t absorb any additional moisture. To prevent bread from getting stale, store it in a plastic bag or wrap it tightly in foil.

What gives bread a thick crust?

Bread is made from flour and water. Flour contains gluten, which is what gives bread its elasticity. Gluten is formed by proteins found in wheat. Bread dough is kneaded until it becomes smooth and elastic. This process creates gluten, which allows the dough to stretch easily. As the dough stretches, the gluten forms into long strands that trap air pockets between themselves and the surface of the dough. These trapped pockets of air give bread its characteristic crumb structure.

Why does my bread become hard the next day?

To prevent bread from hardening, put it in the refrigerator after it’s baked. It’ll stay soft longer.

How do you stop bread from hardening?

Your bread maker uses baking powder to leaven the dough. Baking powder reacts with moisture in the air to produce carbon dioxide gas. This gas expands and pushes against the walls of the loaf pan, causing the loaf to rise. As the bread bakes, the carbon dioxide escapes into the oven and leaves behind a dry crumb. If the bread maker doesn’t have enough baking powder, the bread won’t rise properly. Try adding 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda instead.

How do I keep the crust on my bread soft?

Bread gets stale if not stored properly. To prevent bread from getting hard, wrap it tightly in foil and place it in a resealable plastic bag. Store it in the refrigerator.

How do you keep bread from getting hard?

To keep the crust soft, you need to let the bread cool completely after baking. Bread continues to bake even after it comes out of the oven. Letting the bread cool completely stops the baking process. Once the bread is cooled, store it in a plastic bag or container with a desiccant packet a dry material to absorb any remaining moisture.

Why is the crust on my bread machine bread so hard?

Bread crusts get hard because of the way the yeast works. Yeast produces carbon dioxide gas during the fermentation process. This gas expands and pushes against the dough causing it to puff up. As the bread bakes, the carbon dioxide escapes and leaves behind air pockets. These air pockets trap moisture and prevent the crust from drying out. To avoid this problem, try adding a pinch of salt to the dough before baking. Salt draws moisture into the loaf, preventing the formation of these air pockets.

That’s it for this week’s tips on how to make your bread more evenly textured. Next week, we’ll explore how to improve your yeast-based dough’s flavor, texture, shape, and appearance.

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